Journal of Human Sciences 2021-05-02T05:36:52+00:00 د. عادل محمد يوسف الناجم Open Journal Systems <p style="text-align: justify;">A scientific journal published by the University of Sabha twice a year. It is concerned with publishing original scientific research and studies in the field of human sciences, which have not been previously published or presented at a scientific conference. Scientific research is accepted in Arabic, English, French, and African languages. The paper will be published on the current issue. Once the evaluation process is completed, the evaluation process will be conducted in strict confidentiality by two arbitrators. The scientific papers published by the journal do not necessarily reflect the opinion of the journal. The date of the first publication in 1994 AD.</p> Intellectual property rights for publishing materials intended for e-learning * Limitation of liability between the publisher and author * 2021-05-02T04:45:54+00:00 nabil Ounnoughi <p>Moral trade has come to occupy a significant place in the field of international relations, especially after the recognition of copyright by its universal nature, which makes it exist and be decided everywhere, therefore if the publication contract has the international characteristic as previously mentioned it was necessary to define the law that will govern it, as The publishing contract does not have a national dimension, but rather it has an international dimension, and this is because of the very important importance of ideas and information, especially in today's world, which has become based on e-learning and which is required by distance education, and since the basis of the relationship is the will of its parties according to the principle of the authority of the will, In this sense, Both jurisprudence and jurisprudence stipulate that the international contract is subject to the law chosen by the contracting parties, but it may happen that the parties remain silent in defining this law, so what is the solution or alternative to the law of will in this case ?, Also, the liberalization of international trade created a kind of rule The transboundary movement affected the international contract, so how does it resonate with the international contract, the subject of which is the exploitation of copyright.&nbsp; If the text of Article 84 of Ordinance 03-05 relating to Algerian copyright and related rights is defined, the publishing contract is defined as: “The publishing contract is the contract whereby the author assigns the publisher the right to reproduce many copies of the work according to agreed terms and in return for a reward for publishing it and distributing it to Audience for publisher account. " For this we raise the following problem in what is the responsibility and obligations that fall on the publisher in the scientific secretariat of the literature approved as references in e-learning?</p> 2021-05-02T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 challenges of using virtual and concurrent e-learning in the faculties of Sebha University 2021-05-02T05:06:54+00:00 Nafa Abubaker <p>Because of technological development, the world has been able to face the variables of life and crises, especially those affect the continuation of the educational process, such as the current crisis "COVID-19 pandemic", which forced the world to move towards e-learning instead of traditional teaching. The present study investigated the challenges of using virtual and concurrent e-learning in the faculties of SebhaUniversity. Interviews and a questionnaires were used to collect the data using the descriptive, analytical approach and comparisons. Data were collected from several categories includes scientific affairs agents, quality officials, mechanization office officials, faculty members, and students. The results showed that a partial or total disparity were found between Sebha University colleges in terms of using e-learning with estimated an average of 22.22%, which falls within the average of concurrent virtual e-learning that use in the universities of Libya (i.e. 16-50%). The results confirm that the main challenges faces the virtual e-learning are the weakness of the Internet and power outages, as well as the lack of knowledge on how to use e-learning techniques among students and some faculty members. Also, the low income of students and parents is one of the problems that prevented from obtaining the e-learning requirements. Despite these challenges, the results confirmed that there is a desire to move towards virtual e-learning with a 90% acceptance rate for faculty of scientific affairs and quality in faculties, 100% by mechanization staff, and 91.2% by faculty members and 46.6% by students.</p> 2021-05-02T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021