Journal of Human Sciences https://sebhau.edu.ly/journal/index.php/johs <p style="text-align: justify;">A scientific journal published by the University of Sabha twice a year. It is concerned with publishing original scientific research and studies in the field of human sciences, which have not been previously published or presented at a scientific conference. Scientific research is accepted in Arabic, English, French, and African languages. The paper will be published on the current issue. Once the evaluation process is completed, the evaluation process will be conducted in strict confidentiality by two arbitrators. The scientific papers published by the journal do not necessarily reflect the opinion of the journal. The date of the first publication in 1994 AD.</p> Sebha University en-US Journal of Human Sciences 2708-8359 <h4>Plagiarism policy</h4> <p>Sebha University Journal respects intellectual property and aims to protect the original work of authors applying for publication. In general, the laws of the magazine are inconsistent with scientific articles that contain stolen materials and are not bound by the standards of quality, research and innovation. Applicants for publication to the journal must adhere to ethical standards and refrain from plagiarism in any way. In the event that any plagiarism or scientific theft of an article submitted for publication is found, the journal will contact the author to provide their interpretation within two weeks of its date, after which it will be referred to the relevant committees formed for this purpose to take strict measures. about that. In general, the journal’s license allows the citation of the content published on its website and the download of all files.</p> Legal mechanisms to address public money https://sebhau.edu.ly/journal/index.php/johs/article/view/2175 <p>Legal mechanisms to address the overlooking public funds</p> <p>&nbsp;can not deny how to deny how busy corruption in our Arab countries and the whole world, although I will note my state (Libya), they live and touch their reality. Public money is one of the images of the financial corruption deployed in Libya, which the criminal legislation faced by several legislation is not only in the Penal Code, but in sporadic laws, including Law No. 2 of 1979 on economic crimes, and where this is where this is? Money Laundering Law No. 2 of 2005 and others, to ensure criminal protection of public funds. However, what is going on by Libya and still suffering from him until the hour of deterioration and collapse in state institutions, political vacuum and instability was a sponsor of corruption in its institutions, and also the impairment of the souls and the lack of cultural awareness among citizens Based on what we will receive light in this phase on Libyan legislation and how to do the embezzlement, both in its sporadic laws or ratify it on the international agreement to combat corruption to reduce corruption phenomenon. As well as mechanisms for reducing embezzlement, most notably the oversight and role devices, in an attempt to answer the most important format of our legislative laws developed by Libyan legislature to combat embezzlement? Is it the elimination of this embezzlement? We will have been troubled to misplaced public money and highlighted the general provisions of the embezzlement of public money, blowing up the most important laws to address and fight against the confusion and fight, as a form of financial corruption</p> Halima Ahmed Mahamad Hamza Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Human Sciences 2022-02-22 2022-02-22 21 3 11 20 10.51984/johs.v21i3.2175 The role of the family to protect its children from crime, A descriptive field study on a sample of families in the city of Sebha https://sebhau.edu.ly/journal/index.php/johs/article/view/2178 <p>The family is the first social cell and social medium in which the individual is created and works on his comprehensive formation and its role in social control and sound education, as its impact is direct, deep and strong on its children, their personal formation and their psychological and social compatibility. The contribution of the family’s role is to protect its children from crime and deviant behavior on the grounds that it is the main institution of the socialization process, which works to instill sound social values and standards that constitute major social controls to reduce crime, which calls for protecting the family and working to strengthen family ties and roles and expedite their treatment. The main objective of the study is to identify the importance of the role played by the family in the prevention and protection of its children from crime, as well as to shed light on the concepts related to the family and crime, and therefore the study problem revolves in answering the following questions: - What are the social, educational, cultural, religious and economic roles that the family plays in Preventing and protecting her children from crime? What are the most important obstacles facing the family and impeding the exercise of these roles? To achieve this goal, an interview questionnaire was designed to collect primary data from a sample of heads of households that will be selected in a random manner consisting of 40 individuals from the Soukra locality of Sebha, using the descriptive approach of the research variables, and the results have been presented that will be presented later.</p> Mabroka Altmtam Ali Alfalani Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Human Sciences 2022-02-22 2022-02-22 21 3 49 62 10.51984/johs.v21i3.2178 The role of crisis management and its relationship to the level of crime during the Corona pandemic from the point of view of students of the Department of Planning and Educational Administration, Faculty of Arts - Sebha University https://sebhau.edu.ly/journal/index.php/johs/article/view/2176 <p>The current research aims to identify the role of crisis management and its relationship to the level of crime during the Corona pandemic from the point of view of the students of the Department of Planning and Educational Administration, Faculty of Arts - Sebha University, to identify how crises are managed in the city of Sebha (Corona as a model), the research included a sample of (50) male and female students , was chosen in the style of an organized random sample, the researcher followed the descriptive analytical approach, the results of the research concluded: There is a positive correlation between crisis management and the level of crime during the Corona pandemic from the point of view of the students of the Department of Educational Planning and Management, there are no statistically significant differences between crisis management and the level of The rise in crime during the Corona pandemic according to the gender variable, there are no statistically significant differences between crisis management and the level of crime during the Corona pandemic in the axis (imposing quarantine) and (frequent assault and theft), and there are differences between crisis management and the level of high crime during the Corona pandemic in The axis (the college's dealing with crises) and (the absence of the role of the family) and the tool as a whole according to the age variable, and these differences are in favor of students who reach (23 and above). There are no statistically significant differences between crisis management and the level of crime high during the Corona pandemic in the axis (imposing quarantine), (the frequency of assault and theft) and (the college’s dealing with crises), and there are differences between crisis management and the level of crime during the Corona pandemic in (the absence of The role of the family) and the tool as a whole, and these differences are in favor of the students of the semester (third - fourth) and quarterly (seventh - eighth), there are no statistically significant differences between crisis management and the level of crime high during the Corona pandemic according to the variable of housing type)&nbsp;</p> Amal Mohameed basher Areedah Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Human Sciences 2022-02-22 2022-02-22 21 3 21 34 10.51984/johs.v21i3.2176 Patterns of crime electronic from the point of view students research graduation bcleti of Arts and science, University of Sabha https://sebhau.edu.ly/journal/index.php/johs/article/view/2174 <p>This research aimed to identify the patterns of cybercrime from the point of view of graduate research students in the Faculties of Arts and Sciences at Sebha University; To achieve this goal, the researcher prepared a tool to collect information related to the subject of the research as a scale: Cybercrime prepared by: (Manal Mubarak), and the sample consisted of (50) male and female students, and they were selected by a simple random method, and the descriptive analytical method was used, and the data was analyzed by The statistical package for the social sciences (spss), and the results of the research will be mentioned later in relation to the intermediate variables of the research, such as gender The skill of use - Alkaila - the stage of the research, and the results of the research showed that: There are statistically significant differences with regard to cybercrime patterns from the point of view of graduate research students in the Faculties of Arts and Sciences at Sebha University, and these differences are in favor of the degree of neutrality, and there are statistically significant differences in patterns Electronic crime from the point of view of graduate research students in the Faculties of Arts and Sciences on the axis (electronic hacking), and the tool as a whole, and these differences are in favor of males at the expense of females, and there are no differences in the patterns of electronic crime on the axis (threat, extortion and spreading viruses) according to the gender variable, nor There are statistically significant differences in cybercrime patterns from the perspective of graduate research students The Faculties of Arts and Sciences are on the axis (electronic piracy, threat, extortion and the tool as a whole), and there are differences in cybercrime patterns on the axis (spreading viruses), and these differences are in favor of students who have a weak skill according to the variable of use skills, and there are no statistically significant differences in crime patterns Electronic crime from the point of view of the graduate research students in the Faculties of Arts and Sciences according to the variable of the college, and there are no statistically significant differences in the patterns of cybercrime from the point of view of the graduate research students in the Faculties of Arts and Sciences according to the variable of the research stage.</p> Muna Ali Abdullah Hussin Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Human Sciences 2022-02-22 2022-02-22 21 3 1 10 10.51984/johs.v21i3.2174 The aggressive behavior of juvenile delinquents in the city of Benghazi and its relationship to some variables https://sebhau.edu.ly/journal/index.php/johs/article/view/2179 <p>The study aimed to identify the level of aggressive behavior of juvenile delinquents as well as to identify the differences in the level of aggressive behavior of juvenile delinquents according to the variable (type), as well as to identify the differences in the level of aggressive behavior of juvenile delinquents according to the (economic) variable and to identify the differences in the level of aggressive behavior&nbsp; Among juvenile delinquents according to the (educational) variable in the juvenile center in the city of Benghazi, the aggressive behavior scale was applied, which consists of (30) phrases, prepared by Arnold Bus (Bus and Mark Perry, m.perry) 1992 and translated into Arabic by Moataz Abdullah&nbsp; And Saleh Abu Abbah 1995, on a sample of juvenile delinquents, whose number was (100), including (30) females and (70) males, after verifying its validity and stability.&nbsp; Aggressive behavior was high at the level of significance (0.01). It was also found that there were statistically significant differences between males and females in the level of aggressive behavior in favor of males. It was also found that there were differences in the educational level in favor of the uneducated at the level of significance (0.01), meaning that the uneducated from&nbsp; The sample members were more aggressive, while we found no differences in the level of aggressive behavior according to the economic level variabl.</p> Fakhrieh Al-Daraani AlNajah Buain Aisha. AL-Hadadi Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Human Sciences 2022-02-22 2022-02-22 21 3 63 69 10.51984/johs.v21i3.2179 Money Laundering: The Nature, Effects and Mechanism of Confrontation https://sebhau.edu.ly/journal/index.php/johs/article/view/2177 <p>Money laundering is one of the most serious crimes that threaten the economy and the most serious threat to security, political and social stability. Poses a real challenge to the competent authorities and financial institutions at the local and international levels, because it is related to the money that forms the backbone of the economy in the state, and this crime is linked to other crimes such as international terrorism. Given the seriousness of this crime, international efforts have combined and pushed countries to combat it through many international conventions, standards and rules in this field. In addition to the international efforts aimed at curbing this crime, there has been interest in combating crime at the local level, and most countries have adopted anti-money laundering legislation. On the Palestinian level, we note that the Palestinian National Authority has paid great attention to this issue, and has issued Decree Law No. (20) Of 2015 regarding combating money laundering and terrorist financing to confront this crime. This study aims to identify the concept of money laundering operations and its methods, and the stages it goes through, and the consequences thereof, whether from an economic, social, political or security point of view. With an explanation of the efforts of the international community in addressing this crime, which had a primary role in confronting this type of crime. The extent to which Palestinian legislation is compatible with international texts and efforts aimed at confronting this crime.</p> Rajeh Fouad Musabeh Fayez Khader Basheer Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Human Sciences 2022-02-22 2022-02-22 21 3 35 48 10.51984/johs.v21i3.2177