Journal of Medical Sciences 2021-12-01T09:08:51+00:00 Prof . Dr . Ibrahim Abu Shanaf Open Journal Systems <p>Excellence in publishing scientific production, according to methodological standards and ethics of academic research. And contribute to the enrichment of all areas of science and specialized knowledge; accurately, honestly, and objective. And advance the level of scientific research in cooperation with the corresponding specialized scientific bodies and institutions, wherever they are. And keeping pace with scientific development and its techniques, to contribute to the development of the local community, and meet its knowledge needs. And increase scientific production, and publish theoretical research and applied studies, in order to achieve leadership at the national level. And provide opportunities for creativity and distinction for faculty and academics, by raising their academic degrees and professional competence. And work to make the scientific journal in the university a center of knowledge radiation at the local, national and international levels.</p> Management of Paediatric Oral Ranula with review of literature: A case report during Covid-19 pandemic 2021-10-18T11:26:31+00:00 Khaled S. Ben Salah Jamal M. EL-Swiah Yaser O. Howayw <p>Ranula is a term used to describe a soft, clear or bluish swelling that usually appear in the floor of mouth under the tongue. Ranulas are classified as simple, or plunging. Simple ranula occurs in the floor of the mouth as bluish coloured swelling while plunging ranula extends deeply into the submandibular and neck spaces to manifest clinically as a cervical swelling after herniation of the pseudocyst through the mylohyoid muscle. The present case reported a 5- year-old female patient with oral ranula. The classical clinical features of oral ranula as well as the surgical management of the case has been described in details. The case report also presents a comprehensive discussion of the recent literature on the oral ranula.</p> 2021-09-20T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Medical Sciences Surgical and orthodontic treatment of impacted upper right lateral incisor 2021-09-23T10:19:54+00:00 Atef Omar Abosalah Eissa Adel Mohamed Barka Mohamed Abdulsalam E.E. Ibrahim <p>This case report describes the successful interceptive treatment approach for young patients with complex odontoma and impacted permanent lateral incisors. The interceptive orthodontic treatment for impaction usually includes surgical excision the odontoma, surgical exposing of lateral incisor and orthodontic traction of the tooth&nbsp; and space opening by summating of all nature spacing in the upper jaw with fixed appliance. If all kinds of interceptive treatments fail, the surgical intervention is an option by exposing the impacted tooth, then applying traction force to move the impacted tooth to the normal position. However, surgery is the only option in growing patients since, there is not still a chance for spontaneous eruption of the impacted tooth. In the present report, the patients presented to the orthodontic clinic with complaint of non-erupting right lateral incisor after the loss of deciduous teeth, with the eruption of lateral incisors on the contra lateral side. The treatment of this patient consisted of maxilla closing spaces to create space for permanent right lateral incisor.</p> 2021-07-12T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Medical Sciences Cryptosporidial infection among children with diarrhea in Sebha, Libya. 2021-12-01T08:51:39+00:00 Rugaia M. A. El-Salem Eman Z Younis Hadeel J. A. Abdulwahab Aisha A. I. alttayib <p>Human cryptosporidiosis is a major cause of diarrhea in developing countries and generally causes watery diarrhea in immunocompetent patients or chronic severe diarrhea in immunocompromised individuals. The present study was undertaken to investigate the prevalence of Cryptosporidium spp. infection among pediatric patients with diarrhea, attending Sebha Medical Center for their health problems. One hundred children were included in the study, in the age group from 1 to 10 years old, selected from Outpatient clinic Sebha Medical Center, Sebha. All the stool samples were screened for presence of Cryptosporidium oocysts, using Modified Ziehl-Neelsen staining techniques. Ten children (10%) in the study group were found positive for Cryptosporidium infection using Modified Ziehl Neelsen staining method.&nbsp; No, significant differences (x2=6.678, p = 0.410) were found between boys (7.69%) and girls (12.50%) for the detection Cryptosporidium oocysts. Significant difference (x2=18.264, p=0.021) was found between the different age groups of children for the diagnosis of cryptosporidiosis. Modified Ziehl-Neelsen staining technique was proved to be simple and useful for routine detection and identification of Cryptosporidium spp. oocysts in fresh fecal samples.</p> 2021-11-13T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Detection of Intestinal Parasites Transmitted Mechanically by House Flies (Musca domestica, Diptera: Muscidae) Infesting in Southern City of Libya. 2021-12-01T09:08:51+00:00 Rugaia M. A. El-Salem Mabrouka M. Lahwal Khadija M aboagafh Hawa Alqdari <p>A total of 90 isolates were obtained from two different sites (Al- Mahdia and Al-Jadeed) of Sebha city. Out of this number twenty eight (30%) isolates showed contamination of gastrointestinal protozoan parasites, namely Entamoeba histolytica/Entamoeba dispar (5.55%), Entamoeba coli (8.88%), Blastocystis hominis (15.55%) on external surface (body) of house flies. Only one isolate from Al- Mahdia locality showed Hymenolepis nana (1.11%) infestation to the house flies. In Al-Jadeed area, H.nana was not recorded in the isolates. Findings of this study indicate a relatively high infectivity rate in the disease vectors. House flies appeared to be a potential mechanical vector of intestinal protozoa in Sebha city and might be in other parts of Libya. This is the first study in Libya, which will provide knowledge on contamination of intestinal parasitic recovered from different external body parts of house flies.</p> 2021-11-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021